Desarrollo de la Capacidad Aeróbica en Futbolistas Adolescentes: Efectos de un Entrenamiento Específico al Deporte en Comparación con Entrenamiento Continuo e Interválico

Palabras clave: HIIT, Juegos Reducidos, Entrenamiento Aeróbico, VO2máx, tecnología digital

Resumen

El objetivo del estudio fue comparar los efectos del entrenamiento aeróbico en el consumo máximo de oxigeno (VO2máx) y la velocidad aeróbica máxima (VAM) después de cinco semanas en las que se aplicaron tres métodos de entrenamiento: continuo, interválico y específico. Se llevó a cabo un muestreo de tipo no probabilístico, de participantes voluntarios con un total de 23 jugadores de fútbol masculinos que residen en la zona urbana del estado de Querétaro, de 12.8 ± 0.75 años de edad y con un peso de 48.14 ± 9.84. De manera aleatoria se dividió la población (n=23) en tres grupos: el Grupo Continuo Uniforme Intensivo (CUI; n=8), el Grupo Interválico intensivo (HIIT; n=7) y el Grupo de Juegos Reducidos (SSG; n=8). El VO2máx y la VAM se estimaron de manera indirecta mediante el 30-15 Intermittent Fitness Test. Se prescribieron tres programas de entrenamiento donde la frecuencia de entrenamiento fue de 3 sesiones por semana, y en donde el volumen estuvo equiparado y onduló de manera ascendente (10-20 min/sesión) al igual que la intensidad (65-100% Velocity Intermittent Fitness Test). El VO2máx aumentó en los tres grupos (CUI: 11.3%, p= <.05, d=3.22; SSG: 9.95%, p= <.05, d=2.75; HIIT: 6.44%, p= <.05, d=2.66), así como la VAM: (CUI: 16.79%, p= <.05; SSG: 14.60%%, p= <.05; HIIT: 9.27%%, p= <.05). Tanto el entrenamiento CUI como el SSG y el HIIT son efectivos para el aumento del VO2máx y la VAM a corto plazo en futbolistas adolescentes.

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Publicado
2020-08-06
Cómo citar
Ornelas, A., Méndez-Ávila, J. C., & Camacho, D. (2020). Desarrollo de la Capacidad Aeróbica en Futbolistas Adolescentes: Efectos de un Entrenamiento Específico al Deporte en Comparación con Entrenamiento Continuo e Interválico. Revista Transdigital, 1(2). Recuperado a partir de https://www.revista-transdigital.org/index.php/transdigital/article/view/35
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Artículo de investigación